A while back it was reported that Chrome OS would feature a remoting system that would allow users to be able to access their favorite native applications that are on traditional operating systems. This would be similar to a remote desktop-type of situation.
Now, it appears as if that will become a reality now that “Chromoting” as a feature has shown up in the most recent Chromium (and Canary) builds.
If you want to see Chromoting as an option for yourself, get a new build of the Chromium browser and at the switch “-enable-remoting” to your desktop shortcut.
UPDATE: Changed this post to reflect that you can also do this with Chrome Canary as well.